Survivalism & Self Sufficiency Topics > Medical Needs and First Aid

DOC K'S MEDICINE LIST

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Doc K:
SLEEP MEDICATIONS
I debated for some time about including sleep medications in this topic.
However, I decided to put them in after all, because sleep is so important.
Between simple things like travel and time zone changes, a person can easily lose focus and emotional stability without proper sleep.  If you are not sleeping well, nothing seems right, and hope is low.
So I included these medications.

OVER THE COUNTER

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Insomnia - great place to start for insomnia
25 mg - 50 mg PO every 4-6 hrs (max 100 mg per dose; max 400 mg per 24 hrs)


PRESCRIPTION

Zolpidem (Ambien)
Insomnia - best for sleep initiation problems
5-10 mg PO at bedtime (max 10 mg per 24 hrs)

Zolpidem Continuous Release (Ambien CR)
Insomnia - best for sleep maintenance problems
12.5 mg PO at bedtime (max 12.5 mg per 24 hrs)

Eszopiclone (Lunesta)
Insomnia - alternative to Ambien CR
2 mg PO at bedtime (max 3 mg per 24 hrs)

Trazodone
Insomnia
25-50 mg PO at bedtime (may gradually work up to max of 200 mg at bedtime)

Tamazepam (Restoril)
Insomnia - can be used with Ambien if needed
15-30 mg PO at bedtime

Modafinil (Provigil)
Fatigue / Narcolepsy
200-400 mg by mouth one time per day (max 400 mg per 24 hrs)

Doc K:
TOPICAL SKIN MEDICATIONS
There are a ton of medications for the skin.  I only included ones that I commonly use or recommend.  That doesn’t mean that others are not just as good.  Specifically, I do want to mention the multiple antibiotic ointments (Polysporin, Neosporin).  Recent research has shown that these are not as good as single antibiotic ointments (like Bacitracin).  Also, Neosporin has a high rate of causing allergic-type skin reactions.


OVER THE COUNTER

Diaper Cream (Balmex, Desitin)
Heat Rashes, Chaffing
Apply topically to affected area 1-3 times per day

Aloe Vera
Burns, Sunburns
Apply topically to affected area in thin layer 3-4 times per day

Topical Benzocaine (Anbisol, Orajel)
Cold sores, Stings, Burns, Sunburns
Apply topically to affected area in thin layer 3-4 times per day

Topical Lidocaine Sting/Burn Relief Sprays (Safetec, Solarcaine, etc.)
Burns, Bites
Use as directed on packaging

Topical Antihistamines (Benadryl Cream)
Itching
Apply topically to affected area up to 3-4 times per day

Hydrocortisone Topical Steroid 1% (Cortaid, Cortizone)
Rash
Apply topically to affected area 2-4 times per day

Topical Antifungals (Tinactin, Lamisil, Lotrimin, Micotin)
Ringworm, Athletes foot, Jock itch, etc.
Apply topically to affected area 1-2 times per day

Bacitracin (topical antibiotic)
Topical antiseptic
Apply topically to affected area 1-5 times per day

Silver sulfadiazine 1% cream (Silvadene)
Topical antiseptic, Burns
Apply topically to affected area 1-2 times per day

Zanfel
Poison Ivy, Oak, Sumac
Scrub onto affected area for 15 seconds, rinse with water; May repeat until no itching remains


PRESCRIPTION

Mupirocin (Bactroban)
Topical skin infections (e.g. Impetigo)
Apply topically to affected area 3 times per day - watch closely for worsening

Topical Steroid (Multiple Higher Potency Meds Available)
Rash
Apply topically to affected area 2-4 times per day

Doc K:
MISCELLANEOUS MEDICATIONS
Just a couple of things that didn’t fit easily into any other category.


Ammonia Smelling Salts
Passing out
Use as directed on packaging

Clotting Agents (QuikClot Combat Gauze)
Massive hemorrhage (bleeding)
Unroll gauze and pack in wound; hold with pressure - GET TO HIGHER LEVEL OF CARE ASAP!

Acetazolamide (Diamox)
Acute Mountain Sickness Prevention
250 mg PO twice a day (24-48 hrs before ascent, 48 hours after arrival at altitude)

Doc K:
ENDOCRINE MEDICATIONS
I included the thyroid protection medication here for the almost impossibly needed use after radiation exposure.
If you have Diabetes or Thyroid problems, make sure you have plenty of medications on hand.  A short term disaster (e.g. a hurricane) can cause a city to shut down for a week.  This can lead to death if a person is not prepared.


OVER THE COUNTER

Potassium Iodide (ThyroSafe = 65 mg Tabs, ThyroShield=65 mg per mL)
Thyroid protection after radiation event
Adults
130 mg (2 tabs) PO per day until significant radiation exposure has passed;
Childrens Dosing: 
<1 month: 16.5 mg PO every 24 hrs (1/4 tab)
1mo-3yrs: 32.5 mg PO every 24 hrs (1/2 tab)
3-12 yrs: 65 mg PO every 24 hrs (1 tab)


PRESCRIPTION

Levothyroxine (Synthroid, Levothroid)
Thyroid hormone replacement
Use as directed for Hypothyroidism

Glucose tabs (many brands out there)
Hypoglycemia
3-4 tablets PO as needed (Use as directed on packaging)

Glucose paste (Glutose paste)
Hypoglycemia
Use as directed on packaging

Insulin
Diabetes glucose control
Use as directed for Diabetes

Doc K:
EYE MEDICATIONS
Eye injuries and infections need to be evaluated quickly.  If you are able, seek expert help.

OVER THE COUNTER

Rewetting Eye Drops
Dry eyes, Eye irritation
Use as directed on packaging


PRESCRIPTION

Erythromycin Ophthalmic 0.5% Ointment
Bacterial eye infections
Apply 1 cm ribbon of ointment to affected eye(s) 4-6x per day for 7-10 days

Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Ointment
Bacterial eye infections
Apply 1 cm ribbon of ointment to affected eye(s) 3x per day for 2 days then twice a day for 5 days

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