Survivalism & Self Sufficiency Topics > Medical Needs and First Aid

DOC K'S MEDICINE LIST

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Doc K:
DENTAL MEDICATIONS
Dental pain after a chipped tooth, cavity, or lost filling/cap can be very painful.  These are great items to have on hand in a bug out bag as well as at home.


OVER THE COUNTER

Temporary Filling Material (Cavit)
Loss of filling, crown, new cavity
Clean tooth, dry tooth, pack with temporary filling as directed, seek higher level of care ASAP

Temporary Filling Material (Intermediate Restorative Material)
Loss of filling, crown, new cavity
Clean tooth, dry tooth, pack with temporary filling as directed, seek higher level of care ASAP

Temporary Filling Material (Express Putty)
Loss of filling, crown, new cavity
Clean tooth, dry tooth, pack with temporary filling as directed, seek higher level of care ASAP

Zinc oxide powder
Loss of filling, crown, new cavity
Can mix with oil of cloves to make a paste to temporarily fill

Paraffin (dental wax) stick
Loss of filling, crown, new cavity
Can muse to temporarily fill

Oil of Cloves (Eugenol)
Tooth pain from loss of filling, crown, or cavity
Apply one drop of oil of cloves to affected tooth; cover with wax or temporary filling;  Alternatively, soak a cotton ball with mixture of a few drops Oil of Cloves and cooking oil and place on tooth - Either one provides temporary tooth pain relief

Kenalog in Orabase
Oral ulcer or painful oral lesion
Press a small dab (about 1/4 inch) to the lesion until a thin film develops - use only enough to coat the lesion with a thin film.

Doc K:
ANTIVIRAL MEDICATION
If there is going to be one huge worldwide event that leads to TEOTWAWKI, the most likely is a viral pandemic.  There is not a lot you can do to treat a virus, but Elderberry has shown some promising results in recent research.  I included treatment and prophylactic doses of the most common prescription anti-flu medications we have currently available.

OVER THE COUNTER

Elderberry Extract (Sambucol)
Influenza prevention/treatment
Use as directed on packaging


PRESCRIPTION

Zanamivir (Relenza) - TREATMENT
Influenza Treatment
Two inhalations (10 mg total) twice daily for 5 days. Doses should be spaced by ~12 hours. Begin within 48 hrs of signs or symptoms.

Zanamivir (Relenza) - PROPHYLAXIS
Influenza Prophylaxis
Two inhalations (10 mg) once daily for 10 days. Begin within 36 hrs following onset of symptoms in index case; Community outbreak: Two inhalations (10 mg) once daily for 28 days. Begin within 5 days of outbreak.

Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) - TREATMENT
Influenza Treatment
75 mg PO twice daily initiated within 2 days of onset of symptoms; duration of treatment: 5 days

Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) - PROPHYLAXIS
Influenza Prophylaxis
75 mg PO once daily; initiate treatment within 2 days of contact with an infected individual; duration of treatment: 10 days.  Community outbreaks, dosing is 75 mg once daily. May be used for up to 6 weeks

Doc K:
ANTIFUNGAL MEDICATIONS
“There is a fungus among us!”  
Keeping the area clean and dry goes a long way in prevention.


OVER THE COUNTER

Miconazole (Monistat)
Vaginal yeast infections
Suppository or Creams (Use as directed on packaging)

Topical Antifungals (Tinactin, Lamisil, Lotrimin, Micotin)
Ringworm, Athletes foot, Jock itch, etc.
Apply topically to affected area 1-2 times per day


PRESCRIPTION

Nystatin (swish and swallow, cream, or powder)
Thrush, Topical skin infections
Oral Swish and Swallow formulation - 4 x per day; Cream - Apply topically to affected area 2-3 times per day; Use powder for moist areas

Oral Antifungals
Nail fungal infections, Severe fungal infections
Use as directed (based on the medication); Should only be used if proper lab work is available

Doc K:
ANTIBIOTIC MEDICATIONS
I debated about putting this section in here.  There are so many antibiotics on the market.  Some are extremely expensive.  All ones designed for humans are prescription only.  I will not go into the use of antibiotics sold for animals… because I just don’t know enough about that to talk about it.

I first list common infections and the antibiotics that can be used.  The antibiotics are basically placed in order of preference/usefulness for that infection.  Yes, you can treat many of these infections with other antibiotics.  I tried to keep it simple, and I tried to keep it with oral antibiotics only.  If you need IV antibiotics, you should be in a hospital or under the care of a professional.

Following the list of infections, I have the actual antibiotics listed with the dosages following (for each specific infection type).  Again, not all indications and dosages are listed.  But this will give you a good start.


INFECTIONS

Strep Throat
Penicillin V, Amoxicillin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin

Pneumonia (mild to moderate, uncomplicated)
Azithromycin, Amoxicillin, Augmentiin, Doxycycline, Levofloxacin

Pneumonia (severe, complicated)
IV medication is needed

Mild Skin Infections
Cephalexin, Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin

Moderate Skin Infections
EITHER Clindamycin or Penicillin V potassium AND Doxycycline or Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

Severe Skin Infections
If it is an extensive infection or very rapidly spreading, IV medication is needed

Erysipelas (Skin Infection)
Mild: Penicillin V potassium or Amoxicillin;  Severe: IV medication is needed

Bite Wounds (Mild): Animal Bites
Augmentin; Doxycyline or Trimeth.-sulfameth. or Penicillin VK PLUS Metronidazole or Clindamycin

Bite Wounds (Mild): Human Bites
Augmentin;  Doxycyline or Trimeth.-sulfameth. or Penicillin VK or Cipro. PLUS Metronidazole or Clindamycin

Bite Wounds:  Infected
IV medication is needed; Surgery is likely needed

Bacterial Inner Ear Infections
Amoxicillin, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, Augmentin

Bacterial Outer Ear Infections
Cipro HC Otic (ear), Cortisporin Otic Suspension/Solution (ear)

Bacterial Eye Infections
Erythromycin Ophthalmic, Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Ointment

Urinary Tract Infections
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin, Cephalexin, Doxycycline

Kidney Infections
Levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole PLUS Amoxicillin

Travelers Diarrhea
Ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, Azithromycin, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

Cholera
Oral rehydration therapy and/or IV rehydration is first line; Doxycycline, Ciprofloxacin

Giardia
Metronidazole

Serious GI Infections
Many of these infections will need IV medications;  Milder cases may benefit w/ Augmentin, Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole

Tick-Borne Diseases
Doxycycline

Anthrax
Doxycycline, Levofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Clindamycin

Plague
Doxycycline, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, Tetracycline

Doc K:
ANTIBIOTICS

Amoxicillin (Amoxil)
Community Acquired Pneumonia:  500-1,000 mg PO three times daily for 7-10 days
Bacterial Inner Ear Infection:  Mild-Mod: 500 mg PO twice daily or 250 mg PO three times daily;  Severe: 875 mg PO twice daily or 500 mg PO three times daily


Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (Augmentin)
Bacterial Inner Ear Infection:  875 mg PO twice daily
Acute bacterial sinus infection:  Extended release Tablets: Two 1000 mg tablets PO twice daily for 10 days
Community Acquired Pneumonia:  Extended release Tablets: Two 1000 mg tablets PO twice daily for 7-10 days
Skin abscess:  875 mg PO twice daily
Bite Wounds (Human/animal):  875 mg PO twice daily or 500 mg PO three times daily
Kidney Infection (uncomplicated):  875 mg PO twice daily or 500 mg PO three times daily
Diverticulitis, Perirectal abscess:  Extended release Tablets: Two 1000 mg tablets PO twice daily for 7-10 days


Azithromycin (Zithromax)
Mild-to-mod respiratory tract, skin, soft tissue infxns:  500 mg PO in a single loading dose on day 1 followed by 250 mg PO daily on days 2-5
Community Acquired Pneumonia:  500 mg IV daily for at least 2 days, then 500 mg PO daily to complete a 7- to 10-day course of therapy
Bacterial Sinus Infection:  500 mg PO daily for 3 days
Infectious Diarrhea - Traveler's Diarrhea:  500 mg PO daily for 1-3 days or 1 gram PO in a single dose
STD Infections (Chlamydia, Chancroid, Gonorrhea):  Chlamydia, Chancroid: 1 gram PO one time;   Gonorrhea 2 grams PO one time


Cephalexin (Keflex)
Mild skin infection (small abscess, boils, etc.):  250 mg PO four times daily (max 4,000 mg in 24 hrs)
Moderate skin infection (mastitis, cellulitis, etc.):  500 mg PO four times daily (max 4,000 mg in 24 hrs)
Acute bacterial pharyngitis ("Strep throat"):  500 mg PO twice daily for 10 days
Uncomplicated Urinary Tract (Bladder) Infections:  500 mg PO twice daily for 7-14 days


Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
Anthrax (inhalational - prophylaxis):  500 mg PO twice daily for 60 days or 400 mg IV twice daily for 60 days
Anthrax (inhalational, GI, skin - treatment):  400 mg IV twice daily initially then transition to 500 mg PO twice daily for total of 60 days
Bone/Joint Infection:  Mild: 500-750 mg PO or 400 mg IV twice daily for 4-6 weeks; Severe: 400 mg IV three times daily for 4-6 weeks
Skin Infections:  Mild: 500-750 mg PO or 400 mg IV twice daily for 7-14 days; Severe: 400 mg IV three times daily for 7-14 days
Infectious Diarrhea - Travelers Diarrhea:  Mild: 750 mg PO x 1 dose; Severe: 500 mg PO twice daily for 3 days
Infectious Diarrhea - Shigella or Salmonella:  500 mg PO twice daily for 3-7 days
Infectious Diarrhea – Cholera:  1 gram PO x one dose
Abdominal Infections (Diverticulitis, Abscess, etc.):  500 mg PO twice daily or 400 mg IV twice daily for 7-14 days
Lung Infections:  Mild: 500-750 mg PO or 400  mg IV twice daily for 7-14 days; Severe: 400 mg IV three times daily for 7-14 days
Typhoid Fever:  500 mg PO twice daily for 10 days
Bacterial Sinus Infection:  500 mg PO twice daily for 10 days
Urinary Tract (Bladder) / Kidney Infection:  Mild: 250 mg PO or 200  mg IV twice daily for 3 days; Severe: 500 mg PO twice daily or 400 mg IV twice daily for 7-14 days


Clindamycin (Cleosin)
Anthrax:  900 mg IV every 8 hours with ciprofloxacin or doxycycline
Bite wounds (canine):  300 mg PO four times daily; take with a fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin)
Skin infections:  150-300 mg PO four times daily; Use with Doxycycline or Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
Severe nose/throat infections:  150-450 mg PO four times daily for at least 7 days (max 1,800 mg per 24 hrs)


Doxycycline
Tick borne diseases:  100 mg PO twice daily for 14-21 days
Infectious Diarrhea – Cholera:  300 mg PO as a single dose
STD, Urinary Infections:  100 mg PO/IV twice daily for 7-28 days
Lung infections:  100 mg PO/IV twice daily for 7-14 days
Anthrax (inhalational - prophylaxis):  100 mg PO/IV twice daily for 60 days (PO preferred)
Anthrax (inhalational, GI, skin - treatment):  100 mg PO/IV twice daily for 60 days (IV for initial treatment, then switch to PO)


Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
Skin Infections:  Uncomplicated: 500 mg PO daily for 7-10 days; Complicated: 750 mg PO daily for 7-14 days
Lung Infections (community acquired pneumonia):  500 mg PO/IV daily for 7-14 days or 750 mg PO/IV daily for 5 days
Lung Infections (serious lung infections/pneumonia):  750 mg PO/IV daily for 7-14 days
Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections:  250 mg PO/IV daily for 3 days
Complicated: Urinary Tract /Kidney Infections:  250 mg PO/IV daily for 10 days or 750 PO/IV daily for 5 days
Anthrax (inhalational):  500 mg PO daily for 60 days beginning ASAP after exposure


Metronidazole (Flagyl)
Bacterial Vaginosis:  500 mg PO twice daily for 7 days
Trichomonas Infection:  250 mg PO three times daily for 7 days or 2 grams PO as a single dose
Anaerobic GI Infection (Diverticulitis, Abscess, etc.):  500 mg PO/IV every 6-8 hrs (max dose 4 grams daily)
Giardia Infection:  500 mg PO twice daily for 5-7 days
Amoeba Infection:  500-750 mg PO three times daily for 5-10 days


Penicillin VK (Penicillin V potassium)
Acute bacterial pharyngitis ("Strep throat"):  500 mg PO 3-4 times daily for 10 days
Skin infections (Erysipelas):  500 mg PO four times daily  


Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
DOSING
Single Strength (SS) Tablet: Sulfamethoxazole 400 mg and trimethoprim 80 mg
Double Strength (DS) Tablet is 2 SS tabs in one tablet
USE
Urinary Tract /Kidney Infections:  1 DS Tablet PO twice a day for 3-5 days (Mild); for 7-10 days (complicated); for 14 days (Kidney Infection)
Infectious Diarrhea - Travelers Diarrhea/Shigella:  1 DS Tablet PO twice a day for 5 days
Skin Infections (including MRSA):  1-2 DS Tablets PO twice a day

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